Bronchiolitis is the inflammation of the
lung bronchioles. It is usually caused by a virus and mainly affects children between 3 and 6 months of age. Children up to the age of 2 may also develop bronchiolitis. Bronchiolitis may be caused by Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), adenovirus, Influenza or parainfluenza. The mortality rate is less than 1 percent.
Wash your hands.
Keep sick people away from your child.
Smoke cigarettes, cigars or pipes away from your child.
Breastfeed your baby.
Get good prenatal care to prevent birthing a premature baby.
Supportive therapy is usually given upon the advice of your doctor. Some of the treatments suggested may include using humid air, giving oxygen and clear fluids.
Rest may also be encouraged for the sick baby.
Hospitalized babies may receive breathing treatments to alleviate symptoms.
When to Seek Immediate Medical Care
Cyanosis (bluish skin, nails or lips)
Retraction of the chest muscles to help with breathing
Sudden worsening of a cold
Recovery usually takes place within a week.
Breathing usually becomes less difficult by day three.
Development of asthma has been reported in babies who had bronchiolitis.
Development of pneumonia may occur.
Always call 9-1-1 or seek immediate medical care if there is respiratory distress.
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