The orange-bellied parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) is a small broad-tailed parrot endemic to southern Australia, and one of only three species of parrot that migrate.
It was described by Latham in 1790. A small parrot around 20 cm (8 in) long, it exhibits sexual dimorphism.
The adult male is distinguished by its bright grass-green upperparts, yellow underparts and orange belly patch.
The adult female and juvenile are duller green in colour.
All birds have a blue frontal band and blue outer wing feathers.
The orange-bellied parrot breeds in Tasmania and winters near the coast, foraging on saltmarsh species, beach or dune plants and a variety of exotic weed species on southern mainland Australia.
The diet consists of seeds and berries of small coastal grasses and shrubs.
With a wild population of 14 birds as of early February 2017, it is regarded as a critically endangered species.