Orange-bellied parrots

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The orange-bellied parrot (Neophema chrysogaster) is a small broad-tailed parrot endemic to southern Australia, and one of only three species of parrot that migrate.

It was described by Latham in 1790. A small parrot around 20 cm (8 in) long, it exhibits sexual dimorphism.

The adult male is distinguished by its bright grass-green upperparts, yellow underparts and orange belly patch.

The adult female and juvenile are duller green in colour.

All birds have a blue frontal band and blue outer wing feathers.

The orange-bellied parrot breeds in Tasmania and winters near the coast, foraging on saltmarsh species, beach or dune plants and a variety of exotic weed species on southern mainland Australia.

The diet consists of seeds and berries of small coastal grasses and shrubs.

With a wild population of 14 birds as of early February 2017, it is regarded as a critically endangered species.